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Virtual museum 2018-11-07T22:47:47+00:00

 Ceramics

Import of traditional ceramics into the medieval Town of Bar came mainly from two areas of Apennine Peninsula. On one hand, ceramics was imported from the area of southern Italy, with workshops in Apuglia and Basilicates. The second area of import was northern Italy, primarily Venetian region. Given the facts that the city was under the control of Venice for 128 consecutive years, Venetian imports are represented by the largest number of vessels.

The oldest types of imported ceramics belong to craft centers on the south. It was a proto-maiolica, originating from workshops in Brindisi, as well as green-brown-red painted vessels, spread around south-eastern centers.

Centuries-long political and cultural influence from the opposite Adriatic coast, often defined through turbulent political or religious events, had as a consequence rapid interpolation of glazed ceramics from Apulia. Glazed ceramics began its arrival on the market of the medieval cities of Montenegro in the second half of the XIII or at the beginning of the XIV century and kept continuity until the beginning of the XVI century.

Since 1443, Venice has imposed its trade interests on the medieval city of Bar. This was primarily related to goods made in Serenissima dominant areas, such as ceramics, murano glass and metal. However, this has not reflected that much in quantity of findings from the other production centers during the period from XIV to XVII century, which is marked as the period of Venice dominance. Apart from ceramics of Venetian origins, the products of other centers, especially oriental ones, were also present. Therefore, it is very difficult to say whether the monopoly of Venice was respected in the real market.

Plate with wide, slightly inducted bottom and short rim. The interior is accentuated with two plastic-shaped concentric ribs; fine purified yellowish clay. The glaze belongs to the lister majolica.

The central theme represents symbol of Evangelist Mark. The other decoration is in the form of radially arranged petals and triangles. On the periphery there is a wreath of bulbous vegetal ornaments.

Colors: blue and golden yellow.

Dimensions: 4,4 x 31,0 x 14,0 cm.

Dating: second quarter of XVI Century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Shallow plate with a wide rim, slightly inducted discoid base; fine red clay. The glaze is made in the technique of lister majolica.

In the central field is a representation of St. Franjo in a prayer position in front of the cross, surrounded by stylized plant motifs. Around are radially distributed wreaths of semicircular petals and airborne triangles, among which are double bulbous ornaments.

Colors: blue and golden yellow.

Dimensions: 2,0 x 21,0 x 7,0 cm.

Dating: second quarter of XVI Century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Plate with inducted bottom, rounded walls and sloping rim. Fine purified yellowish clay. The glaze is made in the technique of lister majolica.

The central motive represents a young girl profile. Around the representation are arranged airborne triangles between which are decorated bulbous ornaments.

Dimensions: 3,5 x 23,8 x 9,0 cm.

Dating: second quarter of XVI Century

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Plate on a low round base, with curved rim; fine-purified light clay. It is coated with glaze on both sides.

It’s decorated with geometric motifs in blue, orange and yellow.

Dimensions: base diameter 6,6 cm.

Dating: end of XV, first half of XVI Century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Plate on round base. Glazed with green color. Venetian.

Color: green.

Dating: XVI Century.

Bikonic bowl on a ring-shaped base with slightly curved rim; finely purified clay. Inner and outer surface is engobed, painted with dark green spots and coated with glaze.

Dimensions: 6,1 x 12,4 x 5,2 cm.

Dating: XVI Century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Rounded jug on flat foot, wavy spout, with one striped handle; finely purified reddish clay.

The inner part is coated with glaze, while externally engobed and coated with glaze.

The decoration was done by engraving geometric motifs with a wooden stick.

Dimensions: 1,5 x 9,5 x 16,4 cm.

Dating: second half of XVI Century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Rounded jug of a flat bottom, with a triple opening: a finely purified yellowish clay. It is coated from the outside and from the inside. The decoration was made in the shape of a girl’s portrait in profile, surrounded by olive leaf wreaths.

Dimensions: 15.0 x 15.5 x 11.9 cm.

Dates: 16th century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Rounded jug of a flat bottom, with a triple drain opening: a finely purified yellowish clay. It is coated from the outside and from the inside. The decoration was made by painting green and yellow-brown lines from the drain to the bottom.

Dimensions: 20,0 x 20, 0 x 13 cm.

Dating: the end of 15, second half of  16. century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Pot with two handlebars, placed on one side of the bowl. It was made from a fast wheel from well-roasted clay and covered with a thin layer of glaze in the interior. The surface of the pot is heightened.

Dimensions: 17.5 x 12.5 x 9.5 cm.

Date: 15-16. century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Ovoid jug, with flat drawn bottom, wavy spout, with one striped handle; finely purified yellowish clay. Coated with glaze on both sides.

The decoration was made by painting, in the form of an egg-shaped medallion divided by striped lines, in which the center there is a representation of a bird Gothic framework. On the spout and beyond it there is a series of zigzagging strips, as well as on the sides of the jug. The handle is also painted in parallel lines.

Colors: blue, green, yellow and orange.

Dimensions: 18,0 x 14,0 x 9,0 cm.

Dating: end of XV – first half of XVI Century.

Literature: Zagarčanin, M. 2004. Stari Bar: Keramika venecijanskog doba. Koper. Annales Mediterranea.

Jug. Crafted in painting technique and coated with transparent lead glass.

Dating: End of 18, the first half of the 19th century.

The origin of the vessel is not clearly established, but it is assumed to be either from workshops or as model to the Iznik, Greece or the southern part of Italy.

Pipes made from fine purified clay in the mold.

Date: 19th century.

Origin: Wider Balkan region, Armenian, Egypt.